S were changed to provide for families But even these did not provide satisfaction to the point where ey politicians would not evacuate Rather the would send subordinates during the exercises and in certain real situations to the bunkersThen there was the issue of transportation At first the plan depended on traveling the roads about Washington DC But have you ever tried to get somewhere uickly in Washington DC particularly at 430 PM In a nuclear attack the thought initially was that you had 15 minutesAfter trying to move President Eisenhower to Camp David it was uickly found a better solution was necessary At "FIRST A BUBBLE DOME HELICOPTER FROM "a bubble dome helicopter from Army was used But after the first flight when the President suffer severe heat exhaustion and dehydration from the heat in the helicopter this had to be changed After some deliberation a Marine helicopter proved satisfactory This was how the Marines got the helicopter services for the President which they retain to the present dayClearly the transportation difficulties still persist to this day for various other personages Washington DC is not an easy place to escape fromWe see the development of Air Force One in its various forms and the alternate command posts both aerial and bunker based Communications posed special problems reuiring the coalition of various communications corporations in the planning for COG We see the development of NORAD in Cheyenne Mountain and the advent of NORAD tracking Santa Claus on Christmas EveAnd so Ravenrock traces the billions of dollars spent on COG operations the attempts to find feasible governmental operations the exercise and failures of the plans and what actually happened during several crises where the COG plans were potentially in effectSo where
of the plans and what actually happened during several crises where the COG plans were potentially in effectSo where Ravenrock leave usSince there is security classification tied to most of the COG plans and operations we can only surmise an answer from real events where COG operations were exercised the most recent being 911 What we found was a reluctance of American Leaders to exercise their duties under the current plan For example the Secretary of Defense was assisting in immediate evacuations from the Pentagon and was incommunicado for a lengthy period of time rather than performing assigned duties Despite movement orders for the principals they sent subordinates Most of the people did not now of the plans and those that did apparently with some exceptions did not follow their instructionsThus we are left to conclude that in a real emergency much of the COG planning would be for naught ad hoc decisions would be made If a real nuclear attack hit Washington DC regardless of warning times be they short or be they long the US Government would be effectively decapitated mainly because plans have been insufficiently #exercised and plans would not be executed in fullNo one nows what the future will bring but we are left with #
and plans would not be executed in fullNo one nows what the future will bring but we are left with Eisenhower s words The President said that of course his imagination as to the ho. Lear attack on the capital In the event of an attack select officials would be whisked by helicopters to a ring of secret bunkers around Washington even as ordinary citizens were left to fend for themselves For 60 years the US government has been developing secret doomsday plans to protect itself and the multibillion dollar Continuity of Government COG program takes numerous forms from its plans to evacuate the Liberty Bell from Philadelphia to the plans to launch nuclear missiles from a Boeing 747 jet flying high over Nebraska In Raven Rock Garrett M Graff sheds light on the inner wor.
Raven Rock The Story of the US Government s Secret "Plan Save Itself While The Rest Of Us Die "to Save Itself While the Rest of Us Die Garrett M Graff a revealing history of the attempts by the US government to insure the continuity of government COG since the dawn of the Cold War and with renewed and slightly shifted vigor after 911The title is telling At the beginning of the Cold War there were plans in place to save large population centers through evacuations But as nuclear weapons grew in size and strength these efforts were largely abandoned The government particularly the Executive Branch was widely acknowledged to be the only entity that could possibly survive a nuclear exchange with the USSR and govern what was left of the countryGraff s book is detailed nowledgeable and for those of us who lived during the Cold War frightening in the sense of how close we came to nuclear war through accidents computer malfunctions and faculty communications At times only luck saved us from Armageddon Its a good read The source material the author had to work with was probably uite boring but he has managed to weave a very informative and entertaining story Which Shows The Impact
shows the impact weapons have had on our modern world The ability to rain down apocalyptic destruction in a matter of minutes turning cities into craters and destroying millions of lives is something that no sane person wants to live through and this lies at the heart of this book This great book tells a compelling story about America s attempts to prepare for a nuclear war and its aftermath It s a good mix of history military theory politics and sociology Continuity of Government COGThe advent of nuclear weapons also brought concerns of how to maintain a government during and after a nuclear attack For a lack of a better term this is called continuity of government or COG Before nuclear weapons it was virtually impossible to destroy a complete government in one attack After nuclear weapons this is an all to possible scenarioRavenrock is an account of how the US Government planned for COG from President Truman to near present times Much of the near term planning is classified and unavailable to the authors But still there are clues of what existsThe sad fact is this Americans and their politicians believe hiding from a threat is cowardice The was seen during 911 when President Bush was at school in Florida whisked away to Air Force One forced to fly in holding patterns over the Caribbean landing at Barksdale AFB and the directed to Offutt AFB despite his objects and his desire to return to the White House while people in Washington tried to understand what had happened to the United States Afterwards a number of people accused him of cowardice This greatly impairs the ability of planners for COGIn Ravenrock of the 1950 s we see plans to ferret ey people in government away to various underground bunkers while leaving their families This proved infeasible for politicians and their families alike So plan. A fresh window on American history the eye opening truth about the government's secret plans to survive a catastrophic attack on US soil even if the rest of us die a road map that spans from the dawn of the nuclear age to today Every day in Washington DC the blue and gold 1st Helicopter Suadron codenamed MUSSEL flies over the Potomac River As obvious as the presidential motorcade most people assume the suadron is a travel perk for VIPs They're only half right While the helicopters do provide transport the unit exists to evacuate high ranking officials in the event of a terrorist or nuc.
Review Raven Rock: The Story of the U.S. Government's Secret Plan to Save Itself - While the Rest of Us DieR
rors of a third world war might be overdeveloped but he believed that every single nation including the United States which entered into this war as a free nation would come out of it as a dictatorship wrote Deputy Executive Secretary Everett Gleason in the meeting minutes This would be the price of survival I ve not finished this yet but felt compelled to write a reviewI ve been looking for a book that covers the political and practical aspects of the cold war What the thoughts and policies were of the leaders and how they turned that into preparedness for the horror that could come I ve always been particularly interested in the bunkers the design size how they were euipped etc This book does all of the above and I m amazed by the sheer collation of data that the writer must have gone through to pull out the meaningful information that he s put in here He talks about the initial rush and cash injection to get the US prepared for Armageddon to the back burner politics of the late 60 s and 70 s Vietnam was the priority then The book goes into detail about costs conversations and attitudes toward preparedness and continuity of government and what that would really mean for the people of the nation I ll give you a hint what s the point of having a government if there s no people leftReally great book I d recommend to anyone who s interested in the subject matter or wants to understand the history and possibly attitudes of the American leaders during the Cold War Just a good solid read about a part of history so close Scary to see just how simultaneously clueless ruthless and strategic these figures were A good parallel to current events and a reminder that this too shall pass Thoroughly readable and enjoyable account across decades and generations that allows the reader the comfort of diving into details while also being open to skimming by others I appreciated that absolutely non partisan viewpoint that doesn t seem to favor one administration or party over another strengths and weaknesses of each fairly reported It s also nice to learn what each successive administration absorbed and reimagined or not from the administration it succeeded I am from Frederick County Maryland All the secret bunkers and hidden tunnels are the stuff of folklore where I m from Here is the straight dope Mount Saint Mary s "Was For Foreign Diplomats The "for foreign diplomats The balls at Detrick are for the Hot Line Western Maryland College now called something else does have a secret basement The water tower I ran by on the JFK is not a water tower at all I feel vindicatedMost of the book is what you would call popular history But the final chapter might just be one of the best accounts of the September 11th attacks I have read Dick Cheney as the right man at the right time Imagine thatThe book could have used one pass by the editor as in places it repeats the same information This goes into everything #In Such Depth It #
such depth it amazing I think it is the best thing I ve read ever. Kings of the 650 acre compound called Raven Rock just miles from Camp David as well as dozens of other bunkers the government built for its top leaders during the Cold War from the White House lawn to Cheyenne Mountain in Colorado to Palm Beach Florida and the secret plans that would have icked in after a Cold War nuclear attack to round up foreigners and dissidents and nationalize industries Eual parts presidential military and cultural history Raven Rock tracks the evolution of the government plan and the threats of global war from the dawn of the nuclear era through the War on Terr.